Difference Between Duplex and Inconel

Inconel® is a material that is specifically optimized for some of the toughest use conditions to be found in manufacturing while Duplex stainless steel is the most recent family of stainless steels. They are called duplex (or austenitic-ferritic) grades because their metallurgical structure consists of two phases, austenite (face-centered cubic lattice) and ferrite (body centered cubic lattice) in roughly equal proportions.

Duplex

Duplex and Super Duplex Steel Equivalent Grades

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS
Duplex 1803 1.4462 S318032
Duplex 2205 1.4462 S32205
Super Duplex S2507 1.4410 S32750 / S32760 / S32950

Duplex and Super Duplex Composition

Trade Name UNS Super Duplex Industry Specifications Chemical Composition Min.Tensile
(KSI)
Min.Yield 
(KSI)

Elongation 
%
SAF 2507® UNS S32750 ASTM A182 F53, A240, A276, A479, A789, A790, A815, A928, A988
SAE J405
C 0.030 max 
Cr
 24.0-26.0
Cu 0.5 max
Mn 1.20 max
Mo 3.0-5.0
N 0.24-0.32
Ni 6.0-8.0
P 0.035 max
S 0.020 max
Si 0.8 max
116 80 15
UNS S32760 ASTM A182 F55, A240, A276, A314, A473, A479, A789, A790, A815, A928, A988
SAE J405
C 0.03 max 
Cr
 24.0-26.0
Cu 0.5-1.0
Mn 1.0 max
Mo 3.0-4.0
N 0.2-0.3
Ni 6.0-8.0
P 0.03 max
S 0.01 max
Si 1.0 max
W 0.5-1.0
 109 80 25
SAF 2205®
22Cr
UNS S31803
ASME SA-182 (F51), SA-240, SA-798, SA-790, SA-815
ASTM A182 (F51),A240, A276, A479, A789, A790, A815, A928, 
A988
SAE J405
C 0.30 max 

Cr
 21.0-23.0
Mn 2.00 max
Mo 
2.50-3.50
N 0.08-0.20
Ni 4.50-6.50
P 0.030 max
S 0.020 max
Si 
1.00 max
90 65 25
SAF 2205®
22Cr
UNS S32205 ASME SA-182 (F60), SA-240, SA-798, SA-790, SA-815
ASTM A182 (F60), A240, A276, A479, A480, A798, A790, 
A815, A928, A988
SAE J405
C 0.30 max
Cr 22.0-23.0
Mn 
2.00 max
Mo 3.00-3.50
N 0.14-0.20 
Ni 4.50-6.50
P 0.030 max
S 
0.020 max Si1.00 max
 95 65 25
SAF 2205® & SAF 2507® are registered trademark for Sandvik

Inconel

Inconel Composition

Inconel Element (% by mass)
Ni Cr Fe Mo Nb Co Mn Cu Al Ti Si C S P B
600 72.0 14.0–17.0 6.0–10.0 1.0 0.5 0.5 0.15 0.015
617 44.2–56.0 20.0–24.0 3.0 8.0–10.0 10.0–15.0 0.5 0.5 0.8–1.5 0.6 0.5 0.15 0.015 0.015 0.006
625 58.0 20.0–23.0 5.0 8.0–10.0 3.15–4.15 1.0 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.015 0.015
690 59.5 30 9.2 0.35 0.01 0.02 0.35 0.019 0.003
718 50.0–55.0 17.0–21.0 balance 2.8–3.3 4.75–5.5 1.0 0.35 0.2–0.8 0.65–1.15 0.3 0.35 0.08 0.015 0.015 0.006
X-750 70.0 14.0–17.0 5.0–9.0 0.7–1.2 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.4–1.0 2.25–2.75 0.5 0.08 0.01

Inconel alloys

Alloys of inconel include:

  • Inconel 600: Solid solution strengthened
  • Inconel 601
  • Inconel 625: Acid resistant, good weldability. The LCF version is typically used in bellows.
  • Inconel 690: Low cobalt content for nuclear applications, and low resistivity
  • Inconel 713C: Precipitation hardenable nickel-chromium base cast alloy
  • Inconel 718: Gamma double prime strengthened with good weldability
  • Inconel 751: Increased aluminium content for improved rupture strength in the 1600 °F range
  • Inconel 792: Increased aluminium content for improved high temperature corrosion properties, used especially in gas turbines
  • Inconel 939: Gamma prime strengthened to increase weldability

Inconel Equivalent Grades

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS GOST AFNOR JIS BS EN OR
Inconel 600 2.4816 N06600 МНЖМц 28-2,5-1,5 NC15FE11M NCF 600 NA 13 NiCr15Fe ЭИ868
Inconel 601 2.4851 N06601 XH60BT NC23FeA NCF 601 NA 49 NiCr23Fe ЭИ868
Inconel 617 2.4663 N06617            
Inconel 625 2.4856 N06625 ХН75МБТЮ NC22DNB4M NCF 625 NA 21 NiCr22Mo9Nb ЭИ602
Inconel 690 2.4642 N06690            
Inconel 718 2.4668 N07718            
Inconel 725 - N07725            
Inconel X-750 2.4669 N07750            

Inconel Melting Point, Density and Tensile Strength

  Density Melting Point Tensile Strength Yield Strength (0.2%Offset) Elongation
600 8.47 g/cm3 1413 °C (2580 °F) Psi – 95,000 , MPa – 655 Psi – 45,000 , MPa – 310 40 %
601 8.1 g/cm3 1411 °C (2571 °F) Psi – 80,000 , MPa – 550 Psi – 30,000 , MPa – 205 30 %
617 8.3g/cm³ 1363°C ≥ 485 MPa ≥ 275 MPa 25 %
625 8.4 g/cm3 1350 °C (2460 °F) Psi – 135,000 , MPa – 930 Psi – 75,000 , MPa – 517 42.5 %
690 8.3g/cm³ 1363°C ≥ 485 MPa ≥ 275 MPa 25 %
718 8.2 g/cm3 1350 °C (2460 °F) Psi – 135,000 , MPa – 930 Psi – 70,000 , MPa – 482 45 %
725 8.31 g/cm3 1271°C-1343 °C 1137 MPa 827 MPa 20 %
X-750 8.28 g/cm3 1430°C 1267 MPa 868 MPa 25 %

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