Differences Between A358 and A312

ASTM A358

ASTM A358 / A358M is Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion-Welded Austenitic Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service and General Applications

This specification covers electric-fusion-welded austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel pipe suitable for corrosive or high-temperature service, or both, or for general applications. The pipes shall be sorted into five different classes. Class 1 pipes shall be double welded by processes employing filler metal in all passes and shall be completely radiographed. Pipes of Class 2 shall be double welded by processes employing filler metal in all passes with no radiography. Both Class 3 and Class 4 pipes shall be single welded except that the weld pass of the latter exposed to the inside pipe surface may be without the addition of filler metal. Pipes of Class 5 shall be double welded by processes employing filler metal and shall be spot radiographed. Weld defects shall be repaired by removal to sound metal and rewelding. Subsequent heat treatment shall be as required on the original welds. The finished pipes shall be subjected to transverse tension test, transverse guided-bend weld test, and hydrostatic test.

1.1 ASTM A358 specification covers electric-fusion-welded austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel pipe suitable for corrosive or high-temperature service, or both, or for general applications.

NOTE 1: The dimensionless designator NPS (nominal pipe size) has been substituted in this standard for such traditional terms as “nominal diameter,” “size,” and “nominal size.”

1.2 ASTM A358 specification covers the grades of alloy and stainless steel listed in Table 1. The selection of the proper grade and requirements for heat treatment shall be at the discretion of the purchaser, dependent on the service conditions to be encountered.

(A) New designation established in accordance with Practice E527 and SAE J1086.
(B) Choice of American Welding Society specification depends on the welding process used.
(C) Minimum carbon content of the filler metal shall be 0.040 mass %.
(D) In previous editions, S30600 was incorrectly shown as S01815.
(E) Common name, not a trademark, widely used, not associated with any one producer.
(F) These filler metals have a high nickel content and, therefore, lower creep strength than the parent metal at temperatures exceeding about 1470 °F [800 °C], and its resistance to sulphurous media is inferior in certain cases.

1.3 Five classes of pipe are covered as follows:

1.3.1 Class 1—Pipe shall be double welded by processes employing filler metal in all passes and shall be completely radiographed.

1.3.2 Class 2—Pipe shall be double welded by processes employing filler metal in all passes. No radiography is required.

ref: https://www.astm.org/Standards/A358.htm

ASTM A312

ASTM A312 / A312M is Standard Specification for Seamless, Welded, and Heavily Cold Worked Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipes

This guide covers standard specification for seamless, straight-seam welded, and cold worked welded austenitic stainless steel pipe intended for high-temperature and general corrosive service. Several grades of steel shall conform to the required chemical composition for carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, silicon, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, titanium, columbium, tantalum, nitrogen, vanadium, copper, cerium, boron, aluminum, and others. All pipes shall be furnished in the heat-treated condition in accordance with the required heat treating temperature and cooling/testing requirements. Tensile properties of the material shall conform to the prescribed tensile strength and yield strength. The steel pipe shall undergo mechanical tests such as transverse or longitudinal tension test and flattening test. Grain size determination and weld decay tests shall be performed. Each pipe shall also be subjected to the nondestructive electric test or the hydrostatic test.

1. Scope

1.1 ASTM A312 covers seamless, straight-seam welded, and heavily cold worked welded austenitic stainless steel pipe intended for high-temperature and general corrosive service.

NOTE 1: When the impact test criterion for a low-temperature service would be 15 ft·lbf [20 J] energy absorption or 15 mils [0.38 mm] lateral expansion, some of the austenitic stainless steel grades covered by this specification are accepted by certain pressure vessel or piping codes without the necessity of making the actual test. For example, Grades TP304, TP304L, and TP347 are accepted by the ASME Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII Division 1, and by the Chemical Plant and Refinery Piping Code, ANSI B31.3, for service at temperatures as low as −425 °F [−250 °C] without qualification by impact tests. Other AISI stainless steel grades are usually accepted for service temperatures as low as −325 °F [−200 °C] without impact testing. Impact testing may, under certain circumstances, be required. For example, materials with chromium or nickel content outside the AISI ranges, and for material with carbon content exceeding 0.10 %, are required to be impact tested under the rules of ASME Section VIII Division 1 when service temperatures are lower than −50 °F [−45 °C].

1.2 Grades TP304H, TP309H, TP309HCb, TP310H, TP310HCb, TP316H, TP321H, TP347H, and TP348H are modifications of Grades TP304, TP309Cb, TP309S, TP310Cb, TP310S, TP316, TP321, TP347, and TP348, and are intended for service at temperatures where creep and stress rupture properties are important.

Ref: https://www.astm.org/Standards/A312

ASTM A312/A312M, A358/A358M ASME B36.19M/B36.10M

Nominal Diameter NPS Outside Diameter(mm) Nominal Wall Thickness(mm)
ASME B36.19M ASME B36.10M
SCH-5S SCH-10S SCH-40S SCH-80S SCH-5 SCH-10 SCH-20 STD XS
1/4 13.72 - 1.65 2.24 3.02 - 1.65 - 2.24 3.02
3/8 17.15 - 1.65 2.31 3.20 - 1.65 - 2.31 3.20
1/2 21.34 1.65 2.11 2.77 3.73 1.65 2.11 - 2.77 3.73
3/4 26.67 1.65 2.11 2.87 3.91 1.65 2.11 - 2.87 3.91
1 33.40 1.65 2.77 3.38 4.55 1.65 2.77 - 3.38 4.55
1 1/4 42.16 1.65 2.77 3.56 4.85 1.65

2.77

- 3.56 4.85
1 1/2 48.26 1.65 2.77 3.68

5.08

1.65 2.77 - 3.68 5.08
2 60.33 1.65 2.77 3.91

5.54

1.65 2.77 - 3.91 5.54
2 1/2 73.03 2.11 3.05 5.16 7.01 2.11 3.05 - 5.16 7.01
3 88.90 2.11 3.05 5.49 7.62 2.11 3.05 - 5.49 7.62
3 1/2 101.60 2.11 3.05 5.74 8.08 2.11 3.05 - 5.74 8.08
4 114.30 2.11 3.05 6.02 8.56 2.11 3.05 - 6.02 8.56
5 141.30 2.77 3.40 6.55 9.53 2.77 3.40 - 6.55 9.53
6 168.28 2.77 3.40 7.11 10.97 2.77 3.40 - 7.11 10.97
8 219.08 2.77 3.76 8.18 12.70 2.77 3.76 6.35 8.18 12.70
10 273.05 3.40 4.19 9.27 12.70 3.40 4.19 6.35 9.27 12.70
12 323.85 3.96 4.57 9.53 12.70 3.96 4.57 6.35 9.53 12.70
14 355.60 3.96 4.78 9.53 12.70 3.96 6.35 7.92 9.53 12.70
16 406.40 4.19 4.78 9.53 12.70 4.19 6.35 7.92 9.53 12.70
18 457.20 4.19 4.78 9.53 12.70 4.19 6.35 7.92 9.53 12.70
20 508.00 4.78 5.54 9.53 12.70 4.78 6.35 9.53 9.53 12.70
22 558.80 4.78 5.54 - - 4.78 6.35 9.53 9.53 12.70
24 609.60 5.54 6.35 9.53 12.70 5.54 6.35 9.53 9.53 12.70
26 660.40 - - - - - 7.92 12.70 9.53 12.70
28 711.20 - - - - - 7.92 12.70 9.53 12.70
30 762.00 6.35 7.92 - - 6.35 7.92 12.70 9.53 12.70
32-84 812.80-2133.60 Thickness:6.35~30mm
Remark

(1)Marking:Within Production Capability.

(2) Other nominal diameter and wall thickness subject to the approval of vendor and purchaser.

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